EV Charger Types
8 Types of Electric Vehicle Chargers
Currently, there are different types of electric vehicle chargers - Level 1, Level 2, Level 3.
You can use a typical household outlet – the 120-volt standard outlet - to plug in your vehicle. This simple and inexpensive charging option will produce a range of about three to five miles per hour. You can get a full charge in 8 to 20 hours. The make and model of the car, the car’s battery, and the charger all affect how long it will take to get a full charge.
These charging stations use a 240-volt outlet, which is commonly used for home dryers. Level 2 chargers are significantly faster than Level 1, generating as much as 25 miles of range for each hour that you charge. You can get a full charge in 4 to 8 hours. The make and model of the car, the car’s battery, and the charger all affect how long it will take to get a full charge.
You can charge your vehicle in about 30 minutes with Level 3 charging. When you charge your vehicle at a 480-volt Level 3 public charging station, you can get around 75 to 90 miles of range. At this time, only certain kinds of electric cars can use Level 3 charging.
Charging at Home
If you have a 120-volt outlet available in your garage, you may be able to use that to slow charge your vehicle overnight. You can also install a level 2 charger, which requires a 240-volt outlet. Alameda Municipal Power offers a $800 rebate which can go toward the charger, installation and permit cots.
If you need to upgrade your panel to accommodate a 240-volt outlet and the new electric load, you’ll need to work with a licensed electrician. Fees for this work range from $500 to $1,500.
The project will require an over-the-counter permit from the city of Alameda, which is $230. The permit process is often handled by your electrician. The level 2 charger does not require a new meter. A DC fast charger, or level 3 charger, cannot be installed at home.